Actinomycosis - Causes and Symptoms
Actinomycosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of cattle, hogs, and sometimes humans, caused by microorganisms of the genus Actinomyces and characterized by lumpy tumors commonly of the face, head, thorax, abdomen and neck, that produces abscesses and open draining sinuses.
It is generally a rare disease, slowly progressive bacterial infection primarily caused by the gram-positive anaerobic bacillus Actinomyces israelii, which produces granulomatous, suppurative lesions with abscesses.
The bacteria that cause actinomycosis are present in most of the people - in the mouth and gastrointestinal tract. They cause no trouble unless they get through the skin or some other body membrane, as a result of trauma, oral or facial surgery, infection, or a dental abscess. Poor dental hygiene and dental abscess can predispose people to facial lesions and lung infections caused by these bacteria.
Actinomycosis is mainly caused by a gram-positive filamentous bacteria that do not form spores and are not acid-fast. The most common isolated species causing actinomycosis are - Actinomyces israeli and Actinomyces gerencseriae, Actinomyces turicensis, Actinomyces radingae, Actinomyces europaeus, followed by Actinomyces naeslundii.
Symptoms of Actinomycosis
Some of the Common Signs and Symptoms of Actinomycosis are:
Treatment of Actinomycosis
Actinomycosis is difficult to treat because of its dense tissue location. Because the diagnosis is difficult to make, surgery becomes important as both diagnosis and treatment of actinomycosis.
Some of the other Treatment options for curing actinomycosis are:
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