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Gingivitis

Gingivitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Gingivitis Definition:

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums surrounding the teeth due to improper cleaning of teeth. It may also be caused by a build up of plaque and tartar due to improper cleaning of teeth, or by injury to the gums from over-vigorous brushing. Although systemic factors and general health can modify the tissue reaction to local irritants. Gingivitis is one of many periodontal diseases that affect the health of the periodontium (those tissues that surround the teeth and include the gums, soft tissues, and bone).

Gingivitis Causes

Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is when inflammation and infection destroy the tissues that support the teeth, including the gingiva (gums), the periodontal ligaments, and the tooth sockets (alveolar bone). Gingivitis may be caused by long-term effects of plaque deposits. Plaque is a sticky material that develops on the exposed portions of the teeth, consisting of bacteria, mucus, and food debris.

Some of the main Causes of Gingivitis include:

  • Injury to the gum.
  • Pregnancy.
  • uncontrolled diabetes.
  • Smoking.
  • Poor nutrition.
  • Side Effects of certain drugs may also lead to gingivitis.
  • Stress
  • problems such as rough or misaligned teeth.

Other factors that may contribute to gingivitis include:

  • Diabetes.
  • Aging.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Systemic diseases and conditions.
  • Inadequate nutrition.
  • Puberty.
  • Hormonal Fluctuations.
  • HIV infection.

Gingivitis Symptoms

Gingivitis is an extremely common disease in which the gums become red and swollen and bleed easily. Because early-stage gum disease is seldom painful, you can have gingivitis without even knowing it. However, gingivitis that is left untreated may progress to periodontitis, a more severe gum disease that can result in tooth loss.

Some of the Common Signs and Symptoms of Gingivitis include:

  • Gums become swollen, red, tender and bleed during flossing or brushing.
  • A change in the color of your gums from a healthy pink to dusky red.
  • There is a mouth odor along with a change of normal gum contours.
  • Mouth sores
  • Swollen gums
  • Calculus is seen on tooth surfaces.
  • Bleeding gums (blood on toothbrush even with gentle brushing of the teeth)
  • In some serious cases, pus may be present around the teeth and gums.
  • Some people may experience pain with chewing and teeth may be sensitive.
  • In another very severe cases, you may even loose the teeth.

Gingivitis Treatment

Daily brushing and routine dental checkups by a renowned dentist at regular intervals controls simple gingivitis. While on the other hand, severe infections may require use of antibiotics such as penicillin. If gingivitis is left untreated, it may cause serious harms to your tooth and you may even loose it.

Non-antibiotic approach for treating the underlying infection responsible for periodontal disease. After routine scaling, the dentist will apply the compound directly into the periodontal pockets and around the gum line of affected teeth. The compound quickly penetrates the plaque preferentially binding to multiple structural components in bacteria, including their toxic secretions. Laser light is then applied directly to the affected sites using a fiber optic probe. A powerful free-radical reaction destroys the targeted bacteria and the associated toxins such as collagenase.

Some other Tips for curing Gingivitis fast include:

  • In simple chronic gingivitis, ED intervention is not needed.
  • General measures
    • Remove irritating factors such as plaque, calculus, and faulty dentures.
    • Use a warm saline rinse.

Prevention of Gingivitis

  • Good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups are very much essential. Professional cleanings are also extremely important because once plaque has hardened and built up, or become tartar, only a dentist or dental hygienist can remove it.
  • If you see suspect any problem in your teeth's, make an appointment with a dentist as soon as possible.
  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day and after the main meals with a soft toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste that contains a plaque fighter.
  • Eating right to ensure proper nutrition for your jawbone and teeth.
  • Avoiding cigarettes and other forms of tobacco while your gums are inflamed.

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